For our next two blog posts, we’ll be taking a look at Western fashion over a hundred year period, from 1850-1950. Fashion was a reflection of social and economic class and changes in the Western World. This blog post and next week’s will examine the pre-Civil War period through the turn of the century up until the rise of counter cultures in the latter half of the 20th century.
The first Africans were brought to America in 1619 as indentured servants, which meant they served an amount of time as slaves to pay off their crossing and were released after settling their debt. Unlike indentured servants from Europe, they didn’t enter into this agreement willingly. However, in 1641, the American colonies began to legalize slavery, beginning in Massachusetts, and a racially-based system of slavery was instituted. This was based on the system already in place in the West Indies.
The Revolutionary War was a culmination of mounting tensions between Great Britain and the American colonies. A climate of rebellion stirred in the colonies after a number of British actions stifled their autonomy. One of the first laws imposed on the colonies was the Quartering Act, requiring citizens to open their homes to soldiers. Soon after, the Stamp Tax Act was levied on a number of documents, meaning many printed materials were taxed without the consent of the colonial legislature. A responsive cry rang out through the colonies: “no taxation without representation!”
The name Christmas originates from the words “Christ’s Mass,” but our Christmas traditions are not only born of the Christian faith. Our modern Christmas traditions stem from a myriad of cultures, faiths, and times. Last year we wrote a blog on Old Christmas and traditions associated with it.
Most of us have heard of secret societies, from sinister to benevolent. From academic to elusive. It’s likely you’ve heard of the Illuminati, a secret society supposedly pulling the strings on many global issues and events. It’s likely you’ve heard of the Freemasons, of which there are stories ranging from terrifying to charitable. But what of the ones you haven’t heard of? Below are some of the most sinister secret societies you may not have heard of.